install Java Linux – How to install Java on Linux system

Java Installation- Install java linux

Java is a collection of software better known for its cross platform availability was developed by Sun Microsystems in 1995. Java platform is used by millions of applications and websites (specially used in banking sites) due to its fast, secure and reliable nature.

Today, Java is everywhere, from desktops to data-centers, game consoles to scientific computers, mobile phones.

There are more than one version of Java can be installed and running on same computer and also it’s possible to have different version of JDK and JRE simultaneously on a machine, actually there are abundant of applications that requires Java-jre (Java Runtime Environment) and those who are developer required Java-sdk (Software Development Kit).

There are lots of Linux distribution comes with other version of Java called OpenJDK. OpenJDK is an open source implementation of Java application.

Follow these steps to download and install 32/64 – bit Java for Linux.





Go to and click on the Download button

install java linux

Now download the Java (JDK) 8u45 source tarball files for your system architecture

There are two types of installation packages.

  • Java on Linux Platforms

This installs the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) for 32-bit Linux, using an archive binary file (.tar.gz).

  •  Java on RPM-based Linux Platforms

This installs the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) for 32-bit RPM-based Linux platforms, such as SuSE  and Red Hat , using an RPM.

Download the package that best pack your needs. You can download the file to any of the directories on your system.

Before the file can be downloaded, you must accept the license agreement.

Download and check the download file size to ensure that you have downloaded the full.

Install Java 8 in Linux.

Note : To install Java in a system-wide location such as /usr/local, you must login as the root user to gain the necessary permissions. If you do not have root access, install the Java in your home directory or a sub directory for which you have write permissions

Before installing Java, make sure that have you installed java or  verify the version of installed Java.


If Java is already installed, we will get the current version.

Make a directory where you want to install Java. For global access (for all users) install it preferably in the directory /opt/java.

# mkdir /opt/java && cd /opt/java


Change to the directory in /opt/java.

Syntax : # cd directory_path_name

For example, to install the software in the /opt/java/ directory type following command .

#cd /opt/java/

Move the downloaded .tar.gz archive binary to the current directory.

Unpack the tarball and install Java using following command.

# tar zxvf jre-8u121-linux-i586.tar.gz

The Java files are installed in a directory called jre1.8.0_73 in the current directory.

Into this example, we have installed into /opt/java/jre1.8.0_73 directory.

Delete the .tar.gz file if you want other wise you can keep as it is.

Java on RPM based Linux

First you have to Become root by running su and entering the super-user password.

If you installed any previous Java packages in linux uninstall that packages using the following command.

# rpm -e package_name

Then Change to the directory in which you want to install java packages using

Syntax: cd directory_pat

For example, to install the software in the /opt/java/ directory.

#cd /opt/java


Install the java package using following command.

#rpm -ivh jre-8u73-linux-i586.rpm

Use following command To upgrade a package,

#rpm -Uvh jre-8u73-linux-i586.rpm

Exit from the root shell there is no need to reboot system.

Now set the Java Environment Variables.

# export JAVA_HOME=/opt/java/jdk1.8.0_45/    

# export JRE_HOME=/opt/java/jdk1.8.0._45/jre

# export PATH=$PATH:/opt/java/jdk1.8.0_45/bin:/opt/java/jdk1.8.0_45/jre/bin


Now You can verify the Java version again, to confirm.

# java -version



How to enable Java Support in Firefox

You have to run following commands to enable Java module for Firefox.


————— For 32-bit Systems ————— 

# alternatives –install /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins/ /opt/java/jdk1.8.0_45/jre/lib/i386/ 20000

————— For 64-bit Systems —————

# alternatives –install /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins/ /opt/java/jdk1.8.0_45/jre/lib/amd64/ 20000


Now check the Java support by restarting Firefox and enter about:plugins on the address bar. You will get following screen output.

I hope You enjoyed reading this article.


One thought on “install Java Linux – How to install Java on Linux system”

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